Entertainment-focused home appliances have evolved a lot in the last decade. Instead of multiple different units like a music system, a blu ray player, and a cable box, we can simply buy one of the latest generations of smart TVs in India and get the experience of all in one single unit.
Today, we will be taking a glance through all popular types of TVs available in India. Here, we have decided to go through many different terminologies and defining parameters of a TV that we generally come across while buying one. This will give you an idea about how a particular TV works and what to expect after you get your hands on one. Now, let’s talk about how different types of TVs differ from experience and day-to-day usage.
Different Types of TVs in India
Similar to most electronic devices we see right now, the TVs are also available in many different form factors and types that offer a different set of specifications. While it surely makes it much harder to choose just one option amongst all, it certainly gives you a lot of options that you can explore before you purchase a new TV.
If you are also in the market for a brand new TV in India, make sure you carefully go through all of the different types of TVs available in India.
Different Types of TVs based on Display Technology
1. Quantum Light Emitting Diode TV (QLED)
These types of TVs are surely one of the most recent options in the market as they were released only a couple of years ago. While these TVs are also a type of LED TVs, you will find these TVs much brighter and color accurate as compared with most other options.
There are minuscule nanoparticles on this TV called “Quantum dots” that illuminate independently in front of an LED panel. As each quantum dot is independently active, you will see over a billion different colors along with the best contrast ratio on these panels.
2. Organic Light Emitting Diode TV (OLED)
The working of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) TVs is quite similar to that of a QLED TV. The only major difference on this panel is the type of LEDs used on the panel. On an OLED panel, there are organic compounds that illuminate when it receives electrical input.
OLED TVs also do not require any backlight as the compound creates its own illumination to form the image on the display. Here, you will also find a similarly high contrast ratio and various display enhancement features such as HDR.
3. LED TV
LED TVs are currently the most popular choice of many users in the market. As these TVs offer a decent viewing experience within an affordable budget range, it features a complete package for its price. The panel on this TV also operates on light-emitting diodes placed behind a film of LCD.
There are mainly 3 different types of LED TVs available which are edge-lit, direct-lit, and full array LED panels. The names here represent the location of LED lights on the panel and the full array LED panel will give you an experience that is close to OLED TVs.
4. Liquid Crystal Display TV (LCD)
LCD displays feature a special layer of liquid crystals that are fluid in nature but also capable of maintaining a particular crystal structure as per the requirement. The LCD TVs were first introduced in the 1960s and you will find this technology being used to this date.
Even on the most recent LED-based TVs, there is a dedicated LCD panel that plays an important role in generating the image. In recent years, LED technology has completely taken over the basic LCD one. Thus, you might not find any dedicated LCD TVs right now in the market.
5. Digital Light Processing TV (DLP)
This is one of the most unique technologies ever used on TVs to create a digital image. Instead of crystals or light-emitting diodes, the digital light processing (DLP) TVs consist of an optical semiconductor chip with nothing short of a million mirrors.
These mirrors are controlled by electrical input that tilts these mirrors at specific angles to create an image. These TVs have many advantages over other types of TVs. For example, it generates a much smoother image and has a considerably longer lifespan in comparison.
Although, it also has significant disadvantages such as bulkier size, slower response time, and high energy consumption that cannot be ignored.
6. Plasma TV
Tracing our way back, the plasma TVs were one of the most popular TVs at a point and it could be seen almost everywhere. The main reason behind the success of plasma TVs was its thinner form factor which was a major advantage over the traditional direct LED.
The plasma is an ionized gas that responds to the electric field and generates the image on the display panel. But due to major disadvantages like burn-in, lower resolution, and poor contrast ratio, plasma TVs are slowly phasing out.
7. Direct TV
Lastly, we will talk about the most familiar type of TV for all of us. You must have a fond memory of a direct TV in your home while you were growing. Most direct TVs were cathode ray TVs (CRT) rebranded as direct TV.
Once the source is connected, the TV simply switches the electron beam on and off to create the image. These TVs have been discontinued now for a very long time now. But, you can still get your hands on one if you try so that you can have one simply as a vintage collection in your home.
Different Types of TVs Based on Screen Type
1. Flat Screen TV
It will not be an exaggeration to assume that any random smart LED TV which is popular in the market right now is a flat-screen TV. As the name suggests, these TVs have a simple, flat display that is perfectly suitable for watching from a suitable viewing angle.
So, you must be familiar with the viewing angles and immersion of a flat-screen TV. If you require higher viewing angles, you can simply go with the IPS display panels that will provide you up to 120 degrees of viewing angles.
2. Curved Screen TV
We barely see any curved TV in existence as it proved to be an unnecessary addition for the TVs. While the curved display on these TVs is more suitable for average viewers’ FOV, most users will not be able to tell much difference from a standard viewing angle.
Also, curved TVs had many problems such as excessive reflections on the screen as well as added space requirements for its larger footprint. Hence, curved screen TVs have been discontinued by many brands. Although, the concept is quite popular for desktop monitors due to the shorter viewing distance.
Different Types of TVs based on Display Resolution
1. 720p (HD)
When higher resolution TVs are released, the older models get cheaper. Thus, the 720p HD TVs are currently the most affordable options in the market. The ideal viewing distance for a 720p TV is 1.8 to 2.8 meters with the ideal size being 30 to 35 inches.
2. 1080p (Full HD)
For the majority of online content streaming platforms, a large selection of content is presented in Full HD resolution. You can also buy large 1080p TVs in the range of 50 to 55 inches display size if you have 2.4 to 3-meter viewing distance available in your living room.
3. 2160p (4K)
Even now, almost every movie and TV shows are available in 4K resolution. The best Ultra HD 4K TV comes in 80 to 85 inches in size without any pixelation or blurriness even at the distance of 2.4 to 3 meters.
4. 4320p (8K)
8K resolution can provide superb immersion even on a large-sized TV ranging up to 90 to 100 inches in size. Even at this size, you will not see any distortion on this TV at a minimum distance of 1.2 meters. Although, finding suitable 8K content for the TV will be harder than finding an 8K TV.
Different Types of TVs based on Display Features
1. Smart TVs
While the term ‘smart” is associated with many LED TVs nowadays, there is only a select range of TVs that are smart in terms of application and compatibility. Generally, a smart TV should have Android as the base OS. Other than that, you can expect features like WiFi, Bluetooth, and smart remote compatibility for ease of access.
2. High Dynamic Range (HDR) Support
HDR is right now a very popular term that represents the compatibility of a digital display panel of the TV to generate a particular range of colors and contrast. Also, HDR-based TVs can create a much brighter image with an exceedingly high contrast ratio.
3. AI Voice Assistant
The best feature of Android OS is the support for dedicated AI voice assistants like Google Assistant and Alexa that can control the TV over simple voice commands. Not only that, but you can also control other smart appliances with simple voice commands that are supported by these voice assistants.
4. ROKU Support
Roku is a standalone content streaming service that is popular for converting simple LED TVs into smart TVs just by introducing additional hardware. Thus, a selective lineup of TVs comes with built-in Roku support in the TV. This experience is identical to that of a separate Roku device that is loved by many users.
Upcoming Features in TVs
New patents are being registered frequently that include many additional features as well as display technologies for TVs. To name a few, there are FED (Field Emission Displays) and SED (Surface Conduction Electron Emitter Displays) in the works that offer the advantages of CRT-based panels without the potential disadvantages.
Other than that, you can expect many software-based features such as video enhancement features, sound enhancement features, and added support for upcoming apps and games that will be delivered to your TV by OTA updates.
Frequently Asked Questions
Potentially, a smart TV should not require any added hardware to enjoy it for entertainment. For that, you should invest in an Android TV as you will be able to download your favorite apps and games directly on the TV.
Apart from that, smart TVs should also be able to control various smart systems in your home directly from the TV itself. As for the connectivity, a smart TV consists of wireless connectivity options such as WiFi and Bluetooth.
In simpler words, you will not be able to enjoy a 4K movie on a Full HD 1080p display and a 1080p movie on a 720p HD display. On the other hand, many new generations of TVs support smart upscaling of the content that allows playing lower resolution content on a higher resolution display panel without any significant loss of quality. Thus, it is always better to get a TV that has the highest resolution possible under your budget.
There are many tasks which a voice assistant can carry out in an instant such as setting up alarms, managing texts, controlling smart home equipment, etc. Getting the same features on your TV will surely be a quality of life upgrade as you can do all of these things without even picking up your smartphone.
There have been quite noticeable advancements in LCD display panels as well in the past couple of years. Many companies are experimenting with LCD panels with different technologies such as quantum dots and different types of liquid crystals to achieve better stability and sharper image quality.
Getting a new TV in 2021 is a tedious task, even if you have a particular budget range in mind. Many brands have already been making TVs for a very long time. On top of that, fresh brands are entering the market every year with their own lineup of smart TVs with exciting specifications. Thus, the buyer gets bombarded with choices that confuse while buying a TV.
After going through our article, you will be able to familiarize yourself with many different types of TVs available in India along with a basic knowledge of how each TV operates. We have also mentioned the ideal user base for almost every category that should help you to check whether a certain type is compatible with your requirements or not. Thus, you can easily understand the parameters on almost every TV in the market and make a wise decision while buying one.